The crisis of the intercontinental Corona epidemic put us on many criteria, and real that could not be avoided. Electronic, and some call it an inaccurate label for distance learning. They have different meanings among themselves, as each has its method, methodology, and various inputs, and they all do not have the same purpose.
I see that e-learning is a pattern of distance learning, as distance learning is a broad umbrella, and e-learning falls under this umbrella. Still, it achieves all kinds of interaction in direct communication if it is applied to its origins.
In this article, I will try to unveil this critical topic by placing the points on the letters – which are different from the ends of Abu Al-Aswad Al-Dawuli – on the concept of some types of education that I know and practiced most of them during my learning and teaching in many Arab and European countries, as my experience in education mandated me For more than thirty years I have worked hard to distinguish between different types of learning and teaching methods which are outlined in the following:
1. Traditional learning and teaching
2. Distance Learning and Education (Affiliation)
3. Open learning and teaching
4. Improved e-learning and education
5. Full e-learning and education
As for the traditional education, which is the one through which we received an education – most of us if not all – and it was prevalent in the past time – and still is – with different degrees of its existence, and that is that the teacher stands in the classroom in front of his pupils. In all educational levels they study a prescribed curriculum, within A pre-set plan, a well-known academic year, its days, dates and days (and times) of exams, and the time for announcing the results therein. It has positives, and it has one of the negatives or points that need to be developed, in the pillars of the educational process (an educated teacher and curriculum). I do not think that I need Many interpreted it in this article, especially that until recently it was applied It is said in general education, university education, and even higher education in postgraduate studies, which is the current system of public and University education in most Arab countries, including Jordan.
Distance education (affiliation): This type of learning is spread mainly during the university study stage, where many universities define a specific curriculum for students, designate distinct books for them, and the professors often write them of those universities. Students study the curriculum individually in their homes and countries. Without attending the University or the state of study except at specific times to submit the exam, which is a system known to us and we may find thousands of Jordanians graduated through this pattern and what graduates of Beirut Arab University are famous for this system far away, and the yards of all sectors witness thousands of Jordanian graduates from this system and this the University.
Open education (combined learning): The public education system is a system known in many countries of the world, and it is a system that combines traditional training, e-learning, and distance education, as there are also all elements of learning and teaching in this system, but it is a system that depends a lot on technology And on the efforts of both the teacher and the learner in the use of this technology, where students attend one lecture one hour from three hours, the University receives education and clarification from their professors, about the curriculum and they find a response to their advice, in addition to what they deliberate through social networking sites, and all types of technology, as well System LMS Learning Management System, which is a sound system in which students receive quality education, and make great efforts through it, and we can say that it is one of the types of learning that intensely joins high-minded people, including employees, workers, housewives, and all who Their life conditions do not allow them to fully devote themselves to their university education, or whose circumstances prevented them from attending universities, and they now have the opportunity to enroll.
Perhaps the most famous Arab University in this field is the Arab Open University. It is the closest educational system of e-learning and distance education. It is a university-based in Kuwait, and it has a branch in Jordan, and Prof. Dr. Mohamed Hamdan, may God have mercy on him, was former Minister of Higher Education, one of its first founders and the first president to her.
Improved e-learning: It is a developed e-learning and learning system, which combines distance education (affiliation) and regular e-learning, and to clarify what is happening about the mechanism of e-learning that is being developed remotely, by providing technical support and assistance to students in some Arab countries, including many universities In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, for example:
The teaching process takes place in the educational system developed electronically without the need for students to attend the university building for the purpose of lectures.
The entire study is carried out in the developed e-learning by entering the electronic learning management systems (LMS), such as the famous automated learning management system (Blackboard) and (and model), in addition to the electronic communication management applications, such as (ZOOM) And Microsoft Teams, and other systems, that must be provided by the University or educational institution, through contracting with companies that design and supervise these sites, and this method requires significant financial capabilities.
Final exams are held at exam centers designated by the University at the end of each semester, or through electronic examination systems that allow remote monitoring through digital cameras, with specific criteria and conditions.
The developed e-learning systems provide students with many educational services, the most prominent of which is access to the scientific material of the course specially prepared for this learning in addition to presentation slides, files, and electronic documents.